1. If a person has attained the firm knowledge that he is not an object of perception, but is that
pure consciousness which shines clearly in the states of waking, dream and deep sleep, and
which, as the witness of the whole universe, dwells in all bodies from that of the Brahma to that
of the Ant, then he is my Guru, irrespective of whether he is an outcaste or a Brahmin. This is
2. “I am Brahman (pure consciousness). It is pure consciousness that appears as this universe. All
this is only something conjured up by me because of avidya (nescience) which is composed of
the three gunas (sattva, rajas and tamas)”. One who has attained this definite realisation about
Brahman which is bliss itself, eternal, supreme and pure, is my Guru, whether he is an outcaste
or a Brahmin.
3. Having come to the definite conclusion, under the instruction of his Guru, that the entire
universe is always perishable, he who, with a calm and pure mind constantly meditates on
Brahman, and who has burnt his past and future sins in the fire of knowledge, submits his present
body to the operation of his prarabdha karma is my Guru, whether he is an outcaste or a
4. The Self or pure consciousness is experienced clearly within by animals, men, and gods as ‘I’.
It is by the reflection of this pure consciousness that the mind, senses and body, which are all
insentient, appear to be sentient. External objects perceived only because of this consciousness.
This Self is, however, concealed by the very mind, senses and body which are illumined by it,
just as the sun is concealed by clouds. The yogi who, with a calm mind, always meditates on this
Self is my Guru. This is my conviction.
5. The Self, which is Brahman, is the eternal ocean of Supreme bliss. By meditating on the Self
with a perfectly calm mind, the sage experiences fulfillment. The person whose mind has
become identified with this Self is not a mere knower of Brahman, but Brahman itself. Such a
person, whoever he may be, is one whose feet are fit to be worshipped by Indra himself. This is
my definite conviction.
- Sri Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya